Alexander Bogomolov was born 1963. He holds a Ph.D. in Arabic linguistics. In the 1980s and 1990s he travelled and lived extensively in the Middle East. Since January 2014 he has been the Director of the Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Since 1994 he has co-founded and led the Kyiv-based Association of Middle East Studies (AMES), a non-governmental think-tank specialized in research and policy analysis, ethnic conflicts, and Ukraine's home and foreign policies.
Areas of academic interest include Arab and Ukrainian political discourse, frozen conflicts and conflict prevention, Ukraine's strategic security, democratization and civil society. Since early 2000s he has designed and conducted, together with other members of AMES, a number of projects in Crimea.
AMES is member of the Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflicts (www.gppac.net). In 2009 Alexander Bogomolov led a GPPAC conflict assessment mission to Moldova. The mission focused on the situation in and around Transnistria and produced a report available on the GPPAC website. Since 2000, AMES is a major reference for Ukrainian media on Middle Eastern affairs, Crimea and post-Soviet frozen conflicts.
Summary of his chapter for the Human Security Publication
"Interviews with residents of Kyiv and Simferopol in late 2013 revealed failures in the state system to provide personal security, health care, and safe infrastructure. Widespread mistrust of the police and lack of protection from state authorities led many Ukrainians to rely on personal connections or themselves for security. The media and human rights activists were seen as some of the only sources of accountability – public outcry could still influence government authorities. The lack of government accountability and transparency, particularly among the police, were some of the chronic issues that fuelled the mass Euromaidan protests in late 2013. These events have since been overtaken by the ousting of President Viktor Yanukovych, Russian annexation of the Crimea, and armed conflict in eastern Ukraine. While the current armed conflict and its regional ramifications have brought human security concerns to another level, this chapter focuses on the domestic and structural issues reflected in the 2013 interviews. As such, it provides important insights relevant to the domestic agenda of the current and future governments as well as its international partners."
Quotes from the chapter
- Under socialism, we knew that we were going to be provided for in our old age, we would have social protection. Now, one can't live out of his pension normally. No guarantees, no confidence in the future.
- The insecurity is in the arbitrary treatment on the part of the authorities.
- Most civil servants do not know the laws themselves, therefore, they are affected by fear, and they think you know the truth.