The past decade has seen a wave of criminal and state violence in Mexico, broadly linked to the rise of violent organised crime and human rights violations. Since 2006 between 47,000 and 70,000 people have been murdered and more than 25,000 people have been victims of enforced or involuntary disappearances. Reflecting the government's inability to enforce the law, the situation has galvanised a number of citizen initiatives. High-level, multi-stakeholder dialogue platforms have influenced public policy and legal frameworks. Local groups have reclaimed public spaces, and victims of violence have organised social movements demanding the improvement of security and justice institutions and the recognition of victims' rights. These efforts have pressured the government to abandon its militarised approach towards crime in favour of strengthening the institutions of rule of law through justice system reforms. Yet violence persists and much remains to be done.

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