Interviews with residents of Kyiv and Simferopol in late 2013 revealed widespread mistrust of the police and lack of protection from state authorities, leading many Ukrainians to rely on personal connections or themselves for security. Public outcry through the media and advocacy were seen as main sources to influence government authorities. The lack of accountability and transparency of the authorities, particularly among the police, were some of the chronic issues that fuelled the mass Euromaidan protests in late 2013. These events have since been overtaken by the ousting of President Yanukovych, the Russian annexation of Crimea, and a pro-Russian armed insurgency in eastern Ukraine. While this conflict has brought human security concerns to another level, this chapter points to underlying structural issues which are important for Ukraine's domestic agenda.

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